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Aikido Techniques/Attacks - Japanese Terminology

Here is a list of aikido attacks and techniques. The ones seen most frequently at our dojo are shown in bold. These are adapted from information at www.aikiweb.com/language 

From Aikido Vocabulary:

General Terms

Onegai shimasu "I welcome you to train with me," or literally, "I make a request." This is said to one's partner when initiating practice.
Domo Arigato Gozaimashita Japanese for "thank you very much." At the end of each class, it is proper to bow and thank the instructor and those with whom you've trained.

Aikido Attacks

Grabs

Katate dori One hand grabbing one hand/wrist
Morote dori Two hands grabbing one hand/wrist
Kata dori Shoulder grab
Mune dori One or two handed lapel grab
Hiji dori Elbow grab
Ryoute dori Two hands grabbing two hands/wrists
Ryou kata dori Grabbing both shoulders
Ryou hiji dori Grabbing both elbows
Ushiro tekubi dori Wrist grab, from behind
Ushiro ryote dori Two hands grabbing two hands/wrists, from behind
Ushiro ryou kata dori Grabbing both shoulders, from behind
Ushiro kubi shime Choke, from behind

Punches and Strikes

Shomen uchi Overhead strike to the head
Yokomen uchi Stike to the side of the head
Mune tsuki Straight thrust (punch) to the chest
Men tsuki (jodan tsuki) Straight thrust (punch) to the face
Chudan tsuki Straight thrust (punch) to the stomach

Kicks

Mae geri Front kick
Yoko geri Side kick
Mawashi geri Roundhouse kick

Miscellaneous

Kata dori men uchi Shoulder grab, punch to the face

 Techniques

The techniques shown in bold are the ones most seen at Tetsushinkan.

The "Series"

Ikkyo/Ikkajo (Oshi Taoshi, Ude Osae)

First form, "arm pin"

Nikyo/Nikajo (Kote mawashi)

Second form, "wrist turn"
Sankyo/Sankajo (Kote hineri) Third form, "wrist twist"
Yonkyo/Yonkajo (Tekubi osae) Fourth form, "wrist pin"
Gokyo/Gokajo (Ude Nobashi) Fifth form, "arm stretching"

Throws

Aiki otoshi Reverse hip throw
Irimi nage Entering throw
Juji nage Figure "+"/Arm entwining throw
Kaiten nage Rotary throw
Kokyu nage "Breath" throw
Koshi nage Hip Throw
Kote gaeshi Wrist turning throw
Shiho nage "Four direction" throw
Sumi otoshi "Corner drop" throw
Tenbin/Hiji nage "Balance scales"/elbow throw
Tenchi nage "Heaven and earth" throw

Other Terms

Stances

Ai Hanmi Natural stance, i.e. uke and nage both have left foot forward.
Gyaku hanmi Reverse stance, i.e. uke has left foot forward and nage right foot.

Other Terms

Irimi Entering
Omote Entering
Ura Receiving
Tenkan Receiving/blending

There are different versions of ikkyo omote/irimi and ura/tenkan. For ikkyo omote you receive an attack such as shomen (vertical strike), you enter in an ai hanmi stance and do the technique back in the direction uke has come from.

With ikkyo ura, you have a gyaku hanmi stance relative to uke and pivot on your front foot.

 

 

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